Jung A Kim is a doctoral student. She worked at the Kyoungpook National University Hospital Emergency Room from 2012 to 2015. She is interested in many problems of emergency room nurses. As nurses are mostly women, this is also the nature of women's career problems. Improving the working environment of the nurse can help provide better nursing to the patient. She wants people to be interested in this problem.
This study was aimed at investigating the effect of violence experience and self compassion of the post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) working in emergency department nurses. Violence experience is a physical violence that involves threats or intimidation, physical threats such as kicking or attempting to swig a fist, and physical violence experiences, such as throwing, kicking, or knocking objects. PTSD is a mental disorder that occurs after experiencing a serious injury or an event that threatens the physical well-being of an individual, and experiences severe feelings of fear, helplessness, and fear, thereby seriously affecting interpersonal and occupational functioning. Self-compassion is an attitude of caring for oneself with mercy in the case of suffering of failure. Violence experience, self-compassion, and post-traumatic stress disorder were measured using a structured questionnaire among 96 nurses in the emergency departments located in D and G cities in South Korea from June to July of 2017. The collected data were analyzed by using IMB SPSS Statistics version 20.0. Also, correlations among violence experience, subfactor of self compassion, and post-traumatic stress disorder were examined by Pearson's correlation coefficient. To examine influencing factors on post-traumatic stress disorder, hierarchical regression method used. In this study, the physical threat experience has a significant effect on the post-traumatic stress disorder and the explanatory power of post-traumatic stress disorder is increased(β=.383, p<.001). Self kindness showed a negative correlation with post-traumatic stress disorder(r=-.392, p<.001). Particularly, self kindness, which is a subfactor of self compassion, has a significant effect on post-traumatic stress disorder and the explanatory power of post-traumatic stress disorder is decreased(β=-.365, p<.001). It suggests that, when developing intervention programs for post-traumatic stress disorder in emergency department nurses, physical threats and self kindness should be taken into consideration.
Hoon Jung Jeon is a part-time lecturer of the College of Nursing at Kyungpook National University. She is a Acute Care Nurse Practitioner. The dysmenorrhea, the irritable bowel syndrome and the women health care are interested
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify predictive factors to affect the severity of dysmenorrhea of Korean female college students. Methods: The participants were 761 female college students in three universities in D city. Data collection was performed from May to June, 2017 through face-to-face interviews with four researchers using structured questionnaires and Google online surveys. The data were analyzed using the multiple logistic regression analysis with the SPSS version 20.0 to identify predictive factors of severity of dysmenorrhea. Results: Biological and behavioral factors, and self-compassion were all included to find out the predictive factors on severity of dysmenorrhea. The zero-hypothesis would be rejected because the fit of the model was χ² = 169.466 (p <.001) and the total coefficient excluding the constant value is zero. According to the age of the subcategories of biological factors, the mild dysmenorrhea is more increased 1.74 times (AOR 1.74, CI 1.01 ~ 3.01, p <.048) at 21-22 years and the moderate dysmenorrhea is more increased 16.23 times (AOR 16.23, CI 1.89 ~ 139.47, p <.011) at over 25 years than under 20 years. On the amount of menstrual, the mild dysmenorrhea was 8.53 times (AOR 8.53, CI 1.75 ~ 41.58, p <.008) and the moderate was 16.07 times (AOR 16.07, CI 3.20 ~ 80.61, p <.001) more increased respectively than the low amount of menstrual. As to the family history of menstrual disorders, mild dysmenorrhea was 2.49 times (AOR 2.49, CI 1.37 ~ 4.53, p <.003) and the moderate of dysmenorrhea was 6.48 times (AOR 6.48, CI 3.50 ~ 12.02, p <.001) more increased respectively than no family history. According to the sleep satisfaction as the subcategories of behavioral factors, the moderate dysmenorrhea is more increased 2.78 times (AOR 2.78, CI 1.24 ~ 12.02, p <.013) than they were dissatisfied with sleep. When a point of self-compassion is decreased, the mild dysmenorrhea was 0.96 times (AOR .96, CI .92 ~ .99, v <.030) and the moderate dysmenorrhea was 0.94 times (AOR 0.94, CI ~ .90. 98, v <.004) more increased. Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that biological and behavioral factors, and self-compassion were the predictive factors on the degree of dysmenorrhea of female college students. According to this study, it would help to predict the high risk group on dysmenorrhea in clinical area and it provides basic data to develop future nursing interventions on improving self-management of dysmenorrhea patients.